A way of life is a style used by people, groups and nations and shaped in a specific geographical, economic, political, cultural and religious script. Lifestyle refers to the characteristics of the inhabitants of an area in a particular time and place. It includes the daily behaviors and roles of people in work, activities, play and diet.
In recent decades, researchers have been more interested in lifestyle as an important factor for health. According to the World Health Organization, 60% of factors related to people’s health and quality of life are lifestyle-related (1). Millions of people follow an unhealthy lifestyle. Consequently, they face disease, disability and even death. Problems such as metabolic diseases, joint and skeletal problems, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, weight gain, violence, etc. can be caused by an unhealthy lifestyle. The relationship between lifestyle and health must be taken into consideration.
Today, great changes have occurred in the lives of all people. Poor diet, unhealthy diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, drug abuse, stress etc. are symptoms of unhealthy lifestyle which are used as a dominant form of lifestyle. In addition, the lives of citizens face new challenges. For example, new emerging technologies within information technology, such as the Internet and virtual communication networks, are leading our world to a major challenge that threatens people’s physical and mental health. The challenge is the overuse and misuse of technology.
Therefore, according to current studies, it can be said that: lifestyle greatly affects the physical and mental health of a person. There are different forms of these effects. Kinship in some ethnic groups is a dominant form of lifestyle that leads to genetic disorders. Fixing this unhealthy lifestyle is a protective factor to reduce the rate of genetic diseases (2). In some countries, excessive drug use is considered an unhealthy lifestyle. Iran is one of the 20 countries that use the most medicines. Prefer medication over another intervention. Additionally, in 15-40% of cases they take the drug almost without a prescription (3). Painkillers, eye drops and antibiotics are the most commonly used in Iran. Although self-treatment, such as antibiotics, has a negative effect on the immune system, if an individual has an infection, antibiotics will not be effective in treatment. Overall, 10 percent of those who self-treat will experience serious complications, such as drug resistance. Sometimes allergies to medications are so severe that they can cause death (4).
Finally, lifestyle variables that affect health can be categorized into some elements:
Diet and Body Mass Index (BMI): Diet is the most important lifestyle factor and has a direct and positive relationship to health. Malnutrition and its consequences such as obesity are a common health problem in urban societies. An unhealthy lifestyle can be measured by body mass index. An urban lifestyle leads to nutritional problems such as the use of junk foods and poor diet, which leads to an increase in problems such as cardiovascular disease (5).
Exercise: To treat general health problems, exercise is included in the lifestyle (6). Exercising with a healthy diet increases health. Some studies highlight the relationship of an active lifestyle to happiness (7, 8).
Sleep: One of the foundations of a healthy life is sleep. Sleep cannot be separated from life. Sleep disturbances have various social, psychological, economic and health consequences. Lifestyle can affect sleep, and sleep has a clear impact on mental and physical health (9).
Sexual behavior: Normal sexual intercourse is essential to a healthy life. Sexual dysfunction is a problem in most societies and has a significant impact on mental and physical health. It can be said that dysfunctional sexual relations can lead to various family problems or sex-related diseases such as; lozenges
Substance abuse: Addiction is an unhealthy lifestyle. Smoking and using other substances can cause various problems; Cardiovascular disease, asthma, cancer and brain injury. According to the latest studies in Iran, 43% of women and 64% of men experience the use of the Hubble bubble (10). A longitudinal study showed that 30% of people between 18 and 65 years old smoke cigarettes regularly